Pobreza Urbana


Antunes, José Leopoldo Ferreira;Waldman, Eliseu Alves

Autor(a) USP:

Waldman, Eliseu Alves

Ano de publicação:


Unidade USP:

Faculdade de Saúde Pública [FSP]


mortalidade infantil (tendências); causa da morte; população urbana; áreas de pobreza

Palavras-chave do autor:

infant mortality/trends; cause of death; urban population; poverty areas; socioeconomic factors; social justice; space-time clustering; brazil


Objective: To describe trends in the mortality of children aged 12-60 months and to perfom spatial data analysis of its distribution at the inner city district level in São Paulo from 1980 to 1998. Methods: Official mortality data were analysed in relation to the underlying causes of death. The population of children aged 12-60 months, disaggregated by sex and age, was estimated for each year. Educational levels, income, employment status, and other socioeconomic indices were also assessed. Statistical Package for Social Sciences software was used fir tge statistical processing of time series. Conclusion The overall mortality rate among children aged 12-60 months dropped by almost 30 per cent during the study period. Most of the decline happened during the 1980s. Many people still live in a state of deprivation in underserved areas. Time-series and spatial data analysis provided indications of potential value in the planning of social policies promoting well-being, through the identification of factors affecting child survival and the regions with the worst health profiles, to which programmes and resources should be preferentially directed.


ANTUNES, José Leopoldo Ferreira; WALDMAN, Eliseu Alves. Trends and spatial distribution of deaths of children aged 12-60 months in São Paulo, Brazil, 1980-98. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Washington, v. 80, n. 5, p. 391-398, 2002.