Violência Urbana


Costa, Flávia Azevedo de Mattos Moura;Trindade, Ruth França Cizino da;Santos, Claudia Benedita dos

Autor(a) USP:

Santos, Claudia Benedita dos

Ano de publicação:


Unidade USP:

Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto [EERP]


homicídio; mortalidade; violência

Palavras-chave do autor:

homicide; mortality; violence


OBJECTIVE: to describe mortality from homicides in Itabuna, in the State of Bahia. METHOD: study with hybrid, ecological and time-trend design. The mortality coefficients per 1,000 inhabitants, adjusted by the direct technique, proportional mortality by sex and age range, and Potential Years of Life Lost were all calculated. RESULTS: since 2005, the external causes have moved from third to second most-common cause of death, with homicides being responsible for the increase. In the 13 years analyzed, homicides have risen 203%, with 94% of these deaths occurring among the male population. Within this group, the growth occurred mainly in the age range from 15 to 29 years of age. It was ascertained that 83% of the deaths were caused by firearms; 57.2% occurred in public thoroughfares; and 98.4% in the urban zone. In 2012, the 173 homicides resulted in 7,837 potential years of life lost, with each death causing, on average, the loss of 45.3 years. CONCLUSIONS: mortality by homicide in a medium-sized city in Bahia reaches levels observed in the big cities of Brazil in the 1980s, evidencing that the phenomenon of criminality - formerly predominant only in the big urban centers - is advancing into the rural area of Brazil, causing changes in the map of violent homicide in Brazil.


COSTA, Flávia Azevedo de Mattos Moura; TRINDADE, Ruth França Cizino da; SANTOS, Claudia Benedita dos. Deaths from homicides: a historical series. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, Ribeirão Preto, v. 22, n. 6, p. 1017-1025, 2014. Disponível em: < > DOI: 10.1590/0104-1169.3603.2511.